Do Dogs Get Earwax

As dog owners, it’s essential to be aware of the various aspects of our furry friends’ health. One area that often goes overlooked is their ear hygiene. Yes, dogs do get earwax, and it’s important to understand the reasons behind it, how to manage it, and the potential health implications associated with excessive earwax buildup.

Understanding the Canine Ear Anatomy

Before delving into the specifics of earwax in dogs, let’s first explore the fascinating anatomy of their ears. A dog’s ear consists of three parts: the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The outer ear includes the pinna (the visible flap), the ear canal, and the eardrum. The middle ear contains the tiny bones responsible for transmitting sound waves, while the inner ear plays a crucial role in maintaining balance.

Dogs have a different ear structure compared to humans, and their ear canals are much longer and curved. This unique anatomy makes their ears prone to various issues, including the accumulation of earwax.

The outer ear, also known as the auricle, is responsible for collecting sound waves and directing them into the ear canal. The pinna, or visible flap, helps to funnel sound towards the ear canal, while also providing protection for the delicate structures within the ear.

The ear canal, which is lined with specialized skin cells, is where earwax is produced. Earwax, also known as cerumen, is a waxy substance that helps to lubricate and protect the ear canal. It also helps to trap dust, debris, and bacteria, preventing them from reaching the delicate middle and inner ear.

The Importance of Ear Hygiene in Dogs

Proper ear hygiene is vital to a dog’s overall health and well-being. Regular cleaning helps prevent the buildup of dirt, debris, and, yes, earwax. It also ensures that any underlying issues are addressed promptly, reducing the risk of infections and discomfort for your furry companion.

In addition to regular cleaning, it is important to be aware of the signs of ear problems in dogs. These can include excessive scratching or rubbing of the ears, redness or swelling, a foul odor, discharge, or changes in behavior such as head shaking or tilting. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is recommended to consult with a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Common Causes of Earwax Build-up in Dogs

Several factors contribute to earwax buildup in dogs. Some of the most common causes include:

  1. Excessive wax production: Some dogs naturally produce more earwax than others. Breeds with floppy ears, such as Cocker Spaniels and Basset Hounds, are more prone to this issue.
  2. Ear infections: Infections can cause an increase in earwax production. When dogs have an infection, the body often responds by producing more wax to protect the ear canal.
  3. Foreign objects: Dogs are curious creatures, and sometimes they may stick foreign objects like grass seeds or small insects into their ears. These objects can lead to wax accumulation.
  4. Allergies: Just like humans, dogs can have allergies too. Allergies can cause inflammation in the ear canal, leading to an overproduction of earwax.

Another common cause of earwax build-up in dogs is improper ear cleaning. If a dog’s ears are not cleaned regularly or if the cleaning process is done incorrectly, it can lead to the accumulation of wax. It is important to use appropriate ear cleaning solutions and techniques recommended by a veterinarian.

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Additionally, certain medical conditions can contribute to earwax build-up in dogs. For example, hormonal imbalances or thyroid issues can affect the production of earwax. Dogs with these underlying health conditions may be more prone to excessive wax accumulation in their ears.

Signs and Symptoms of Excessive Earwax in Dogs

Determining whether your dog has excessive earwax can be challenging, as dogs cannot communicate their discomfort verbally. However, there are some signs and symptoms you can look out for. These may include:

  • Frequent head shaking
  • Excessive scratching or rubbing of the ears
  • Redness or inflammation in the ear canal
  • Unpleasant odor emanating from the ears
  • Discharge or a waxy buildup visible in the ear
  • Changes in behavior, such as increased irritability or sensitivity to touch

If you notice any of these signs, it’s important to address the issue promptly to prevent further complications.

How to Safely Clean and Remove Earwax in Dogs

Cleaning your dog’s ears should be done with caution to avoid causing injury or distress. Follow these steps to safely clean and remove earwax:

  1. Prepare a cleaning solution specifically designed for use in dogs’ ears. Avoid using water, as excess moisture can lead to infections.
  2. Gently lift your dog’s ear flap and inspect the ear canal for any visible signs of dirt or wax accumulation.
  3. Using a clean cotton ball or a soft cloth, apply a small amount of the cleaning solution to the cotton ball.
  4. Gently wipe the visible portion of your dog’s ear canal, being careful not to push the cotton ball too deep into the ear.
  5. Repeat the process on the other ear, using a fresh cotton ball.
  6. Always reward your furry friend with treats and praise to make the experience positive and enjoyable.

Note: If you notice any unusual discharge, strong odor, or your dog displays signs of pain or discomfort during the cleaning process, it’s crucial to consult your veterinarian for a thorough examination.

Professional Dog Grooming Tips for Ear Care

While regular home cleaning is essential, professional grooming can also play a significant role in maintaining your dog’s ear health. Trained groomers have the expertise and tools to perform thorough ear cleanings, ensuring any hard-to-reach wax or debris is effectively removed.

During a professional grooming session, groomers may use specialized ear-cleaning solutions, ear flushes, or ear powder to aid in the cleaning process. They will also carefully inspect the ears for signs of infection or other abnormalities, providing you with valuable insights into your dog’s ear health.

Preventing Earwax Build-up: Best Practices for Dog Owners

Prevention is always better than cure, and the same applies to earwax buildup in dogs. Here are some best practices to keep your dog’s ears healthy:

  • Regularly inspect your dog’s ears for any signs of wax accumulation, redness, or discharge.
  • Keep your dog’s ears dry, as moist environments can foster the growth of bacteria and yeast.
  • Trim excess hair around the ear canal regularly to promote airflow.
  • Avoid sticking any objects, such as cotton swabs or sharp instruments, into your dog’s ears, as this can cause injury.
  • Consider using hypoallergenic dog shampoo and avoiding products that may irritate your dog’s ears.
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By incorporating these practices into your routine, you can reduce the chances of excessive earwax buildup and the associated complications.

Common Health Issues Associated with Excessive Earwax in Dogs

While a certain amount of earwax is normal and helps protect the ear canal, excessive buildup can lead to various health issues:

  • Ear infections: Excessive earwax provides a suitable environment for bacteria, yeast, and other microorganisms to thrive, leading to infections.
  • Ear mites: These microscopic parasites are a common issue in dogs with excessive earwax. They can cause intense itching and discomfort for your furry friend.
  • Otitis externa: This refers to inflammation of the external ear canal, often caused by factors such as excessive wax, allergies, or trauma. Otitis externa can cause pain, discomfort, and hearing problems for your dog.
  • Ear hematomas: Dogs with chronic earwax buildup may develop ear hematomas, which are blood-filled swellings caused by excessive scratching or head shaking.

Regular ear maintenance, along with prompt veterinary care when necessary, can help prevent or manage these health issues effectively.

Effective Home Remedies for Treating Dog Earwax

While it’s crucial to seek veterinary advice for any concerning ear issues, some home remedies can help manage mild cases of earwax in dogs:

  • Warm compress: Applying a warm compress to your dog’s ear can help soften the wax, making it easier to remove. Ensure the compress is not too hot to avoid burns.
  • Mineral oil: Using a few drops of mineral oil in your dog’s ear can help break down the earwax. Gently massage the base of the ear to allow the oil to penetrate, then clean as usual.
  • Hydrogen peroxide solution: A mixture of hydrogen peroxide and water can be effective in clearing excessive earwax. However, it’s crucial to consult your vet for proper dilution ratios and guidance.
  • Dietary adjustments: Some dog owners have reported improvements in earwax production by making dietary changes. Consult your veterinarian to determine if this approach would be appropriate for your dog.

Remember, these home remedies are meant to be used in conjunction with professional guidance, and it’s important to assess each case individually.

When to Seek Veterinary Assistance for Dog Earwax Problems

If you notice severe or persistent symptoms related to earwax in your dog, it’s best to seek veterinary assistance. Additionally, you should consult a veterinarian if:

  • Your dog’s earwax buildup is accompanied by significant discomfort or pain
  • There are signs of infection, such as a foul odor or discharge
  • Your dog’s behavior or quality of life is affected
  • You are unsure about the best approach to managing your dog’s earwax

A veterinary professional can conduct a thorough examination, identify the underlying cause of the earwax buildup, and provide appropriate treatment options tailored to your dog’s specific needs.

Understanding the Link Between Diet and Earwax Production in Dogs

While diet isn’t the sole determining factor for earwax production in dogs, there may be some correlation. Some dog owners have reported changes in earwax production after altering their pets’ diets.

It’s believed that certain ingredients, such as grains or high-carbohydrate content, can potentially exacerbate wax production in some dogs. However, more research is needed to fully understand the relationship between diet and earwax production in dogs.

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Consulting with your veterinarian about the best diet for your dog’s overall health, including their ear health, is crucial. They can provide tailored advice based on your dog’s specific needs and any underlying health conditions.

How to Prevent Ear Infections Caused by Excessive Wax in Dogs

Preventing ear infections associated with excessive wax in dogs starts with regular ear hygiene. By incorporating the practices mentioned earlier, such as regular cleaning, keeping the ears dry, and avoiding irritants, you can significantly reduce the risk of infections.

Additionally, it’s important to pay attention to any signs of discomfort or changes in your dog’s behavior. If you notice any red flags, seeking prompt veterinary care can help address the issue before it develops into a more serious infection.

The Role of Genetics in Dog Earwax Production

Just like many other traits, earwax production in dogs can be influenced by genetics. Certain breeds are more prone to excessive wax buildup due to genetic factors. Breeds with long, floppy ears, like Basset Hounds or Cocker Spaniels, are particularly predisposed to this issue.

Understanding your dog’s breed and genetic background can provide valuable insights into their potential susceptibility to earwax buildup. This knowledge allows you to take proactive measures to maintain their ear health effectively.

Debunking Common Myths About Dog Earwax

There are several misconceptions surrounding dog earwax. Let’s debunk some of the most common myths:

  1. Myth: Dogs don’t produce earwax.

    Fact: Dogs, like humans, do produce earwax. The amount and consistency may vary depending on the individual dog’s breed, genetics, and overall health.

  2. Myth: Dogs can clean their ears on their own, so no intervention is necessary.

    Fact: While dogs do have natural mechanisms to clean their ears, such as shaking their heads or scratching, this may not be enough to prevent excessive wax buildup or address underlying issues.

  3. Myth: Removing earwax will always cause harm to the dog’s ears.

    Fact: When done correctly and with the appropriate tools and solutions, cleaning and removing earwax can be done safely without causing harm or discomfort to the dog. Seeking professional guidance or veterinary assistance ensures proper techniques are used.

By dispelling these common myths, we can better understand the significance of earwax in dogs and the importance of maintaining their ear health.


In conclusion, dogs do indeed get earwax. As responsible dog owners, it’s essential to understand the details surrounding their ear health. Regular cleaning, preventive measures, and prompt veterinary care when necessary are all key components of maintaining optimal ear hygiene in our furry companions. By staying informed and proactive, we can ensure that our dogs’ ears remain clean, healthy, and free from excessive wax and potential complications.

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